Carpet cleaning is a billion dollar a year industry in the United States. Many commercial and residential cleaning companies clean carpets as a part of their business. Carpet cleaning equipment can be split into three different categories, truck mount extraction equipment, portable extraction equipment, and residential extraction cleaners. Each category is used for different applications with varying results. When purchasing carpet cleaning equipment it is important to match the machine to the types of carpet you will be doing. For professional carpet cleaners, truck mount cleaning equipment is recommended. The average commercial cleaning company that dabbles in carpet cleaning will usually buy portable equipment that can easily be moved from place to place but will stand up to repeated use. The residential consumer will usually purchase lower costing equipment that is used infrequently and is priced much less that the other two categories.
Commercial truck mount cleaning equipment is a high powered carpet extraction unit that is usually housed in a van or trailer. Truck mount cleaning equipment is usually powered by a van or truck motor or by a portable generator. These types of systems can carry their own water and cleaning solutions making them independent and extremely mobile. Truck mount cleaning equipment is the most powerful of all the types of carpet extractors. The power of carpet equipment is measured by the pounds per square inch or PSI that the water is sprayed into the carpet at. The more powerful of a spray that the piece of carpet equipment emits the cleaner the carpets will get. Another method of carpet cleaning is steam cleaning. Steam cleaning works on the principal of heating water to break down grime and soil, making the carpets cleaner. Most truck mount units have built-in heaters that can super heat the water quickly making them extremely effective. With the combination of heat and PSI truck mount extraction surpasses any other method of carpet cleaning.
Portable carpet cleaning equipment units are small, lightweight and extremely maneuverable. These units can be easily transported in a minivan or truck and can be lifted up and down stairs. Portable carpet extractors have moderate to low PSI capabilities and are used primarily for spot cleaning and touch ups. Some portable units do have the capacity to heat water using electricity but are limited to lower temperatures that truck mount equipment. The two types of portable extractors are push/pull units or units that utilize a carpet extraction wand. In comparison, portable machines are about twenty-five to fifty percent less expensive than truck mount extractors and are very reasonable to operate.
Residential or consumer carpet extractors are more commonly known as steam cleaners. Common steam cleaner manufacturers include Hoover and Eureka. Consumer carpet extractors do a great job at spot cleaning and are usually priced under five hundred dollars. Most types of consumer carpet cleaning equipment work on the principle of agitating the carpet fibers and rinsing them with a water solution. These units do not have the capability to deep clean but do a sufficient job at removing visible debris. Most steam cleaners are based on the upright vacuum cleaner design and resemble these units in many ways. These units are great to have around for removing food and drink spills or if you have pets. Steam cleaners or residential types of cleaning equipment are mostly disposable units that are not meant to be repaired or discarded when they become nonfunctional. Steam cleaners and steam vacs are extremely portable and can be used easily in multi-level homes with most types weighing under thirty pounds. These units can increase the life of carpets by quickly removing debris before it is ground in and becomes a stain.